Highland Dancing - History
Highland Dancing is an athletic, technical form of dance that dates back to the 11th or 12th century. Originating in Scotland, Highland Dancing tended to be used as celebratory dances of triumph or joy, or warrior dances performed over swords and spiked shields. According to tradition, the old kings and clan chiefs used the Highland Games as a means to select their best men at arms, and the discipline required to perform the Highland dances allowed men to demonstrate their strength, stamina and agility.
You can learn more of the history here: https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofScotland/Highland-Dancing/